What are Newborn Stem Cells?

Stem cells are naïve cells that have the ability to replicate themselves and to differentiate into a range of diverse cell types - each specialized to carry out a specific function. Because of their ability to differentiate into multiple cell types, each type of stem cell is potentially the “parent” of a specific lineage that ultimately results in a range of adult cells. The term newborn stem cells refers to the various and specific stem cell populations that exist throughout the umbilical cord.

3 Sources of Stem Cells

Populations of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be extracted from three main sources in the umbilical cord. The first and most common source of newborn stem cells, known as cord blood, comes from the blood that flows through the umbilical vein. Umbilical cord blood contains a rich source of immunologically naïve, hematopoietic stem cells. The other sources of newborn stem cells are the matrix tissues of the umbilical cord, collectively known as cord tissue. Here we find two rich sources of mesenchymal stem cell populations from the Wharton’s jelly and particularly highly concentrations of extremely potent MSCs that surround the vessels of the cord, called the perivascular regions. HSCs and MSCs are readily accessible at birth from the umbilical cord and can be collected and stored for future use.19

Cord Blood

Cord blood stem cells are derived from the blood found in the vein of the umbilical cord. Cord blood stem cells help treat a wide range of diseases today.

Cord Tissue

Cord tissue stem cells are found in abundance throughout the Wharton’s jelly and perivascular regions of the umbilical cord. MSCs can readily differentiate into a range of cells.